Climate Change: Impacts and Responses International Award for Excellence

The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses offers an annual award for newly published research or thinking that has been recognized to be outstanding by members of the Climate Change: Impacts and Responses Research Network.

Award Winner for Volume 12

Climate Change as a “Threat to the Peace”: Responding to Climate Change through the UN Collective Security System

The UN Security Council’s approach to collective security has been ever evolving since the time of the organization’s creation. While historically collective security was considered to concern the protection of states from external military attack, the Council has used its power to determine the existence of “threats to the peace” under Article 39 of the UN Charter to bring a broad range of situations and phenomena of international concern within its remit. Refugee flows, infectious epidemics, and challenges to democracy are just some of the threats to the peace identified by the Council in the post-Cold War era. This paper is concerned with the Council’s approach to climate change as a “threat to the peace.” Drawing upon Council debates and resolutions, it considers the manner in which climate changes and its effects have been conceptualized in such terms, and assesses the relationship between climate change and other recognized threats to the peace. It is demonstrated that considerable progress has been made in elevating climate change as an issue of the utmost international concern at the UN level, yet tensions between the foreign and domestic policy priorities of powerful states continue to hinder more proactive responses on the Council’s part.


Dr. Gary Wilson is Senior Lecturer in Law at Liverpool John Moores University, where he leads the LLM/MSc in Global Crime, Justice & Security and is co-ordinator of Doctoral Studies in Law His research interests centre broadly on collective security within the United Nations system, the use of force, secession and constitutional reform. His work is inter-disciplinary and Gary has published widely and spoken at numerous conferences both in the UK and abroad. He is the author of the monograph, The United Nations and Collective Security (Routledge, 2014) and currently writing a book on Constitutional Reform and Brexit (Routledge, 2022). He is currently Editor-in-chief of the peer-reviewed journal, Liverpool Law Review.

Past Award Winners

Volume 11

The Role of Electric Vehicles in Reducing Climate Impact: Swedish Public Debate 2010–2018

Linda Olsson, The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses, Volume 11, Issue 3, pp.1–13


Volume 10

Climate Action Co-benefits and Integrated Community Planning: Uncovering the Synergies and Trade-Offs

Robert Newell, Ann Dale, and Mark Roseland, The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp.1–23


Volume 9

Communication, Collaboration and Advocacy: A Study of Participatory Action Research to Address Climate Change in the Pacific

Judith Burnside-Lawry, Morgan Wairiu, Elisabeth Holland, Sarika Chand, and Rosa Fraque, The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp.11–33


Volume 8

Climate Change, Conflict, and Moving Borders

James Lee and Kisei Tanaka, The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp.29–44


Volume 7

Unveiling the Embodied Carbon of Construction Materials through a Product-Based Carbon Labeling Scheme

S. Thomas Ng and Christopher To, The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp.1–9


Volume 6

An Eco-village as a Solution for the Border: San Cristobal

Sandra Acosta, The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses, Volume 6, Issue 3-4, pp.1–17


Volume 5

Climate Induced Migration: Lessons from Bangladesh

Reazul Ahsan, Jon Kellett, and Sadasivam Karuppannan, The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp.1–15


Volume 4

Leveraging Higher-Education Instructors in the Climate Literacy Effort: Factors Related to University Faculty’s Propensity to Teach Climate Change

Abby Beck, Gale M. Sinatra, and Doug Lombardi, The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses, Volume 4, Issue 4, pp.1–17


Volume 3

Geoengineering in a World Risk Society

Tina Sikka, The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp.143–154


Volume 2

Climate Change Impacts in Pakistan: Awareness and Adaptation

Zareen Shahid and Awais Piracha, The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp.119–130


Volume 1

Social Capital as a Source of Adaptive Capacity to Climate Change in Developing Countries

Vivek Prasad, Monique Helfrich, and Susan A. Crate, The International Journal of Climate Change: Impacts and Responses, Volume 1, Issue 3, pp.149–162